Aquascaping, in the modern aquarium hobby, it is perhaps the most beautiful and most interesting style. The fact that it brings a piece of nature into our homes is its rapidly increasing popularity. The English term, “Nature Aquarium” best defines its essence: planted tanks are not only about plants, but about a natural harmony of plants, fish, stones and wood.
For generations, people have kept fish. In the context of the aquarium hobby, a variety of brilliant ideas and innovations have arisen over the years. Modern technology makes it possible for us to make those ideas possible by replicating natural underwater processes in our own aquarium, This is how Nature Aquarium was born.
The concept’s essence is that we should create a vibrant, strongly lit underwater world – as seen in Nature – in contradiction to the blurred and shady picture of typical aquariums. An environment where the natural photosynthesis of plants in oxygen-saturated water creates tiny bubbles on the surface of the leaves.
The four basic elements of a Nature Aquarium
Efficient filtration is the basis of modern aquariums. It is not possible to run algae-free and balanced aquariums without a good filter. Only with external filters can larger tanks be used. The filter is usually an aquarium’s most expensive equipment.
- Dissolving Carbon-Dioxide ( CO2 )
For their photosynthesis, most plants need a relatively high amount of carbon-dioxide. Because in conventional tanks, there is not enough CO2, we need to inject it separately. However some plants can survive without injected CO2 and bright light which we called the low-tech plants.
- Bright Light
The lighting of the planted tanks is much brighter (more than double) than that of traditional aquariums, so photosynthesis is also more intense. Bright light makes the aquarium’s picture more impressive, vivid and vibrant.
- Clay Based Substrate
In biological filtration, the use of both general plant substrates and base layer fertilizing substrates plays a crucial role. This is more important than one would imagine. Many plants’ roots only grow in soil dependent on clay. Just for decoration, we can use sand and gravel!
Other important factors to consider
Plants need fertilizers as well – in addition to CO2 injection. Macro and micro nutrients, important for growth, are provided by plant nutrition. Fertilizing is a simple task; if you use good quality fertilizers, it should be no problem for beginners.
From the perspective of the fish, the plants, and the bacteria in charge of biological filtration, water quality is equally important. Chlorine is toxic to all living beings and is present in tap water, so tap water should always be handled with water conditioners. Softened (purified) water is preferably recommended.
You already have to think about the potential maintenance of your aquarium at the set-up stage. The Water Change System and the aquarium itself should be built to ensure that maintenance does not enable you to spend more than 1 hour a week. It should be simple and fast.
You may place plants in the foreground, mid-ground or background depending on their height. Not all plants can be planted in the substrate, Mosses and some other plants may be attached to stone or branches, Plants should always be picked In accordance with our CO2 system, Lighting and tank capacity,
The idea of the arrangement of stones and wood (the aquascape layout) is limited only by our imagination. This is the most innovative aspect of modern aquarium design, as seen in competition entries for aquascaping. Before you start to design your layout, search some Internet photos for inspiration!